Horizontal vs. vertical lathes – What is the deal?

There are horizontal lathes and there are vertical lathes. While the spindle’s axis of a vertical lathe is parallel to gravity, a horizontal lathe’s spindle is parallel with the floor – so far so good. But these constructional differences have a significant impact on the functionality of the machine. While horizontal lathes are better known and prevalent, the advantages and possibilities of vertical lathes should not be underestimated.

Vertical lathe machines and horizontal lathes consist of the same components with only one real difference between the two. A vertical lathe machine is essentially a horizontal lathe that has been designed to stand on its end.

Let gravity be your friend!

In vertical lathes, the workpieces stand upright. As they are standing, they need far less clamping force than horizontal lathes to be held in place. More importantly, vertical lathes can be used for turning large and heavy diameter objects that are relatively short. Workpieces can include parts like large wheels or discs, large bearings, heavy castings, and many more.

High productivity with vertical lathes

Working with gravity side by side not only makes clamping easier but also allows for applying more cutting force. This increases the chip removal rate and reduces cycle times. Thus, vertical turning is significantly more productive than horizontal turning. Another, often underestimated, advantage of vertical lathes is that they normally need less floor space than horizontal lathes.

What is the Difference Between a Vertical and Horizontal Lathe?

Turning long? Go horizontal!

While vertical lathes offer many advantages, there are things that only horizontal lathes can do. Especially when turning long workpieces, horizontal lathes display their strength. The ability to mount parts with clamps, a tailstock and maybe even a stationary or following rest allow for turning workpieces like long shafts.

High productivity with vertical lathes

Some machinists opt for a vertical lathe if there are space constrictions in the shop, or perhaps, as a matter of preference. When using a vertical lathe, the machinist must work in an up-and-down motion.

Conversely, when using a horizontal lathe, the machinist works the metal in a side-to-side fashion. Both lathes will allow the machinist to create comparable products. Typically, those who have experience using lathes prefer to stick with what is most comfortable.

How to Choose Your CNC Machine?

What kind of level, how many wheels will be cut a day?

How much you are willing to invest – Most people only consider the cost of the machine. However, we need to consider both the time and dollar cost. If you do not have the time to invest in your machine, then your dollar cost will increase. If you do not have the money to invest in your machine, then the time cost will increase.

How many spaces do you have?

Most shops have not too much place or will be used inside a mobile rim repair shop. Nowadays only vertical machines meet this criterion but come new horizontal lathes which a little bit longer than vertical CNC.

CNC Machines are expensive. Therefore, it is important to take the time to choose a machine that will serve you as needed and lasts long.

GammaTrade carries a wide variety of vertical and horizontal lathes and offers our machines at various price points that are designed to meet the needs of all our customers.

Give us the opportunity to help you determine whether a vertical or horizontal lathe will best suit your needs. It will be helpful for you to have measurements handy so that we can discuss possible space restrictions.

Good news for you, at GammaTrade, you can purchase vertical and horizontal lathes from various vendors. One of the many things that set us apart from our competition is that we offer a wide range of diamond-cut alloy wheel CNC lathe machines on the market. Whether you are a vertical, horizontal, State of the art, or economic solution. Who is seeking to add more equipment to the shop, our inventory is extensive. We are looking forward to hearing from you, so contact us today! You are welcome to contact us.

Sources:

https://www.okuma.eu/newsroom/blog/detail/info/vertival-vs-horizontal-lathes/

https://www.cncwmt.com/uncategorized/what-is-the-difference-between-a-vertical-and-horizontal-lathe/